# New directions in algebraic statistics: Three challenges from 2023

** Abstract ** : In the last quarter of a century, algebraic statistics has established itself as an expanding field which uses multilinear algebra, commutative algebra, computational algebra, geometry, and combinatorics to tackle problems in mathematical statistics. These developments have found applications in a growing number of areas, including biology, neuroscience, economics, and social sciences. Naturally, new connections continue to be made with other areas of mathematics and statistics. This paper outlines three such connections: to statistical models used in educational testing, to a classification problem for a family of nonparametric regression models, and to phase transition phenomena under uniform sampling of contingency tables. We illustrate the motivating problems, each of which is for algebraic statistics a new direction, and demonstrate an enhancement of related methodologies. —

This research was performed while the authors were visiting the Institute for Mathematical and Statistical Innovation (IMSI), which is supported by the National Science Foundation (Grant No. DMS-1929348). We participated in the long program “Algebraic Statistics and Our Changing World.”

A pre-print is available here.

**Recommended citation**: Alexandr, Y., Bakenhus, M., Curiel, M, Deshpande, S.K., Gross, E., Gu, Y., Johnson, J., Kagy, B., Karwa, V., Li, J., Lyu, H., Petrovic, S., Rodriguez, J.I. (2024). "New directions in algebraic statistics: Three challenges from 2023." *arXiv pre-print* arXiv:2402.13961.